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Nicol Campbell

Nicol Campbell

Male 1821 - 1907  (86 years)

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  • Name Nicol Campbell  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    Born 1821  Lurabus, Kildalton Parish, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7
    Christened 8 Feb 1821  Lurabus, Kildalton Parish, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Agriculture - Farmer 
    Died 25 Jan 1907  Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 5, 9, 10
    Buried Knox Presbyterian Ch. Cem, Gamebridge, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 11
    Person ID I4495  SnoufferCampbell
    Last Modified 20 Aug 2014 

    Father John Campbell,   b. 22 Nov 1789, Lurabus, Kildalton Parish, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Apr 1879, Mara Twsp, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 89 years) 
    Mother Margaret MacNab,   b. Abt 1796, Kildalton Parish, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 23 May 1816  Kildalton Parish, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 5, 12, 13
    Family ID F1817  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Flora Carmichael,   b. Abt 1831, Lurabus, Kildalton Parish, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1890, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Married 1853  [2, 5, 6, 14
    Children 
     1. Duncan Campbell,   b. 14 May 1855, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Oct 1917, Thorah Twsp, Ontario Cnty, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     2. John Campbell,   b. 18 Jan 1857, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Dec 1919, Sherwood, Washington Cnty, OR Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     3. Archibald ("Archie") Campbell,   b. 28 Aug 1860, Gamebridge, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jun 1955, Portland, Multnomah Cnty, OR Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 94 years)
     4. Robert Campbell,   b. 24 Jun 1863, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Oct 1958, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 95 years)
     5. Margaret Campbell,   b. 9 Sep 1865, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 May 1960, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 94 years)
    Last Modified 12 May 2010 
    Family ID F1614  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Nicol Campbell's town
    Nicol Campbell's town
    Ruins of Lurabus, Islay, Scotland

    Headstones
    Nicol Campbell (1821-1907)
    Nicol Campbell (1821-1907)

  • Notes 
    • The Parochial Register, Cnty of Argyll, Kildalton Parish, vol. 541/2, records a baptism: "1821. *** Feb. 8. Nicol [,] Son to John Campbell & [blank] McNab[,] Lyrabus." (LDS Film 1041079, frames 263 & 264).

      According to L. A. Dunkling, SCOTTISH CHRISTIAN NAMES, p. 108 (London & Edinburgh: 1978), "Nicholas (m). A Greek name composed of elements meaning 'victory' and 'people.' Nicol was the early spelling leading its use in Scotland.... The intrusive h appeared in the Middle Ages and has remained unnecessarily ever since...."

      The 1841 Scottish census lists 7 Campbell families living adjacent to each other in Lirabus/Lurabus. Nicol, aged 18, is reported to be living 2 houses down from his immediate family, with the family of "Don'd Campbell," 40, and Nancy, 30, perhaps his uncle and aunt (a 10-yr old Nicol is also living with that family). 1841 Census for Scotland, Oa Parish, No. 546, Enum Bk 1, pp. 3-4, for Lirabus (see LDS Film 101813).

      According to an Email from Ms. Val Wilson, www.BritishAncestors.com, to Wm. C. Snouffer (14 May 2004):
      "This [1841] census has 18 families in Lirabus of which 7 had the surname Campbell and 5 had the surname MacNab (or McNab). Next door to John and his family was Alexander Campbell, aged 45, and his family, and next door to him was Donald Campbell, aged 40, and his family. With Donald was Nicol Campbell, aged 18, who I believe was the Nicol born in 1820 (ages were very inaccurate in the 1841 census and this was the only Nicol in the area [sic]). I assume that the various Campbell families were related and Nicol was with one of his uncles (perhaps) on the night of the census."

      The 1851 Canadian census for Mara lists, on successive lines, the following Campbells: John, aged 63 [birth year 1788]; Nancy, 47 [1804]; "Nicolas," 28 [1823]; Margaret, 59 [1792]; Archibald, 26 [1825]; "Alex," 24 [1827]; Daniel, 20 [1831]; Duncan, 17 [1834]; and Catherine, 21[1830]. All were born in Scotland. 1851 Census of Canada West, Mara & Rama Twsps, Ontario Cnty, Canada West (Roll C-11743, stamped p. 33; lines 2-10).

      In 1861 the census for Mara, Canada West, lists a large number of Campbells, without clearly differentiating families. They are: John Campbell, 71, a farmer born in Scotland, married in "1818"; Margaret, 68, b. Scotland, m. in "1818"; Nicol, 38, b. Scotland, m. in 1853; "Archd," 36, b. Scotland, m. in 1854; Isabella, 23, b. in "C.W." [presumably "Canada West"]; Flora, 28, b. CW; the following children, all born in "C.W.": Donald, 7; Duncan, 6; John, 4; Flora, 2; "Archd," 1; Jannet, 5; Mary, 4; John, 2; and Donald, 26, b. C.W.; Duncan, 25, b. Scotland; Ann, 54, b. Scotland. 1861 Census for Canada West, Mara, Ontario, Canada (Roll C-1057, p. 2, lines 17-33).

      They Came to Mara… Pioneers of Mara Township, circa 1829-1900, p. 126 (c. 1993), provides:
      "Natives of Islay, Argyleshire [sic], Scotland, [Nicol's parents] John Campbell and his wife, Margaret, as well as [his uncle] Donald Campbell and his wife Nancy, were living in South Mara by 1852. ***
      "John and Margaret's children married and lived locally. By 1861, Nichol [sic] was married to Flora Carmichael. *** "

      Mara Township is described in Wm. H. Smith, CANADIAN GAZETTEER, p. 110 (1846), as follows: "MARA. A Township in the Home District; is bounded on the north by the township of Rama; on the west by Lake Simcoe; on the south by the Talbot River; and on the east by unsurveyed lands.... This is a new township not long settled; but it contains some very good land; and on the lake shore there are some good clearings...."

      Mara Township development is discussed in the ILLUSTRATED HISTORICAL ATLAS OF THE COUNTY OF ONTARIO, p. xi (J.H.Beers & Co., Toronto, 1877) (reprint, Mika Silk Screening Ltd., Belleville, Ontario, 1972), as follows: "The township of Mara was first...surveyed in 1821.... The survey was completed in 1836.... Up to the rebellion of '37 there was but a very scant settlement along the Lake Shore [sic] in Mara. The character of the soil at that time had the appearance of being a good deal cedar swamp. As it became cleared up it showed excellent land, and Mara now proves to be one of the best townships in the County of Ontario. As early as 1823 Patrick Corrigan, an Irishman, took up his abode in the wilds of Mara. [Others followed and now there is] a large Irish and Catholic settlement in the township. The Highland Scotch are also numerous. *** "

      The 1871 Census for Ontario, Canada, shows Nicol Campbell, a farmer, living with his wife Flora and five children in Mara Township. It gives their ages as 50 and 40 respectively. It shows that their oldest child, Duncan, who was 15, was born in Ontario. See 1871 Census, Province of Ontario, District 49, North Ontario, Township of Mara Sub-District, Division No. 1 (Philip McRae, Enumerator), pp. 21-22 (Nat'l Archives of Canada, Film No. C-9976).

      In 1881, the census for Ontario North lists, as family # 80, "Campbell, Nicol," 60, a farmer born in Scotland; Flora, 50; Duncan, 25; John, 23; Archibald, 20; Robert, 18; and Margaret, 15. 1881 Census of Canada, Mara Twsp, Ontario North, Canada (Roll C-13245, pp. 19 & 20).

      The following entry appears in Noel M. Elliott, THE CENTRAL CANADIANS, 1600-1900, p. 431 (The Genealogical Research Library, Toronto, Ontario, 1955):
      "Campbell, Nichol [sic], living in 1877 in Mara Township (ONA 18-56)"
      ONA 18-56 is a reference to the Beers Co.'s ILLUSTRATED ATLAS, supra.

      The Beers Co.'s ILLUSTRATED ATLAS, supra, in a map on p. 42, shows Nichol [sic] Campbell's farm. It comprised 100 acres and was located between the branches of a stream that flows into the Talbot River, the southern border of Mara Township, and a short distance East of Gamebridge Station on the Midland Railway line. Immediately North of his farm is the 100 acre farm of "Mrs. A. Campbell." Slightly Northwest of her farm is the 100 acre farm of "N. Campbell."

      Gamebridge, where Nicol's son Archie's death certificate says that Archie was born, is shown, both as a small town on the Talbot River at the northern border of Thorah Township (ibid, p. 39) and as a railroad station in Mara Township (ibid, p. 42), both on the east side of Lake Simcoe, in the former Home District. Much of the western part of the Home District became Simcoe County in 1843. A.F. Hunter, A HISTORY OF SIMCOE COUNTY, pp. 235-236 (1948). That part east of Lake Simcoe remained in the Home District, then in 1851 was in Old Ontario County, and later in Durham County. See Eric Johnson, "The Districts and Counties of Southern Ontario, 1777-1979; Two Centuries of Evolution," vol. 20, Families, p. 91 (Ontario Genealogical Soc'y, 1981). Contemporary maps show that it now is a part of Simcoe County.

      In 1994 the townships of Rama and Mara were united; the new township is called "Ramara."

      In 1891 the census listed "Nicolas" Campbell, 70, a widower born in Scotland, living with two Ontario-born sons: Duncan, 35; and Robert, 29. All 3 were employed as farmers. 1891 Census of Canada, Mara Twsp, Ontario North, Ontario, Canada (Roll T-6357, p. 23, Family # 99, lines 22-24).

      Nicol was one of the first elders of the Knox Presbyterian Church in Gamebridge. See: http://ramaracardendalton.com/archives/category/knox-presbyterian-gamebridge

      Nicol, born in Scotland, died 25 Jan 1907, aged 86. At the time of death he was living at Lot 4, Concession 2, Mara Twsp; he was widower and a farmer. The death was reported by his son Robert. Archives of Ontario, Registration of Deaths, 1869-1934, Roll MS 035, Reel 131, Cert. 022130 (accessed via www.Ancestry.ca, May 2010).
    • (Research):
      The Beers' ATLAS, Ibid. at p. x, discusses briefly the arrival of the Campbells in Thorah Township: "Thorah...was surveyed...in 1820...and in 1827.... In 1824, under the leadership of Donald Cameron...a few emigrants arrived from Glengarry -- amongst them the ancestors of the families of the Campbells, McRaes, McDonalds and Camerons, which so largely preponderate in the township at the present day -- and who have all made successful and prosperous settlers.***" [These Campbells are probably different from Nicol's family, who came from Islay, rather than Glengarry.]

  • Sources 
    1. [S688] Ontario Census 1881, ON North, Province of Ontario, Ontario North, Mara Twsp, 1881 Census of Canada, (National Archives of Canada, 395 Wellington St, Ottawa, ON K1A 0N4, Canada), (C-13245, pp 19-20).

    2. [S309] Mara|, Mara Township Corp., They Came to Mara... Pioneers of Mara Township, circa 1829-1900, (Bechin, Ontario, Canada; Corp. of the Township of Mara : abt 1993), p. 127.

    3. [S680] Cem - Knox, Gambridge, Ont, CA |, Knox Presbyterian Church, Gambridge, Ontario, CA, "Knox Presbyterian, Gambridge - Ontario", (Online database, http://canadianheadstones.com/on/cemetery.php?cemID=125&pg=1 (2014)).

    4. [S301] OR Vital Stats|, State of Oregon, Dep't of Human Resources, Health Division, (Center for Health Statistics, 800 NE Oregon, Portland, OR 97232), Cert. #55-7541.

    5. [S308] RootsWeb WC - M Campbell |, Malcom R. Campbell, "My Campbell Ancestry", (RootstWeb World Connect Project, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=malcolmr ; Email: malcolmr.campbell@sympatico.ca : Jun 2008).

    6. [S307] Ontario Census 1871, Ontario, Canada, Census of 1871, (Province of Ontario, Dist. 49, North Ontario, Township of Mara, Div. No. 1 (Philip McRae, Enumerator), pp. 21-22 [Nat'l Archives of Canada, Film No. C-9976]).

    7. [S316] OR Census 1900, W. Cedar Crk|, Oregon, Washington Cnty, W. Cedar Creek Prct, 1900 U.S. Census, (The National Archives, Washington, D.C.).

    8. [S330] Argyll Parochial Register 541/2 |, Argyll County, Scotland; Kildalton [Parish], Parochial Register, vol. 541/2, (Scottish Church Records, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Film 1041079), Frames 263 & 264.

    9. [S685] Ontario Canada Deaths|, Ontario, Canada, "Registration of Deaths, 1869-1934", (Ontario Archives, 77 Grenville St, Toronto, ON M7A 1C7, Canada), (MS 935, Roll 131, Cert 022130).

    10. [S584] Central Canadians, Noel M. Elliott, THE CENTRAL CANADIANS, 1600-1900, (Genealogical Research Library, Toronto, Canada : 1955), p. 431.

    11. [S103] FindaGrave|, FindaGrave.com, (www.FindAGrave.com), 51364591.

    12. [S330] Argyll Parochial Register 541/2 |, Argyll County, Scotland; Kildalton [Parish], Parochial Register, vol. 541/2, (Scottish Church Records, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Film 1041079), Frame 243.

    13. [S331] RootsWeb WC - Rebecca MacD |, Rebecca MacDonald, "MacDonald Campbell Brouse Cuthbertson", (RootsWeb World Connect Project, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=rebamaccan ; Email: reb.mac@rogers.com : Jun 2008).

    14. [S689] Ontario Census 1861, Mara, Mara, Ontario, Canada, 1861 Census for Canada West, (National Archives of Canada, 395 Wellington St, Ottowa, ON K1A 0N3, Canada).