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Johanes Schnauffer / Snouffer

Johanes Schnauffer / Snouffer

Male 1752 - 1810  (57 years)

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  • Name Johanes Schnauffer / Snouffer  [1
    Nickname John 
    Born 15 Nov 1752  Berks Cnty, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    AFN 2T5Z-NLG 
    Died 12 Feb 1810  Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Buried 15 Feb 1810  Krider's (St.Benjamin's) Luth. Ch. Cem, Westminster, Carroll Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Person ID I38  SnoufferCampbell
    Last Modified 22 Feb 2013 

    Father Hans Michael Schnauffer,   b. 16 Oct 1716, Renningen, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1773, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Magdalena Wendel,   b. 29 Apr 1716, Eltingen (Now Leonberg) Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 7 Aug 1775, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 10 Apr 1741  Eltingen (Now Leonberg) Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 9, 10, 11
    Family ID F5  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Christina Rinehart,   b. 1756, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Oct 1818, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Married 3 Sep 1776  [2, 4, 12, 13
    Children 
     1. John Schnauffer / Snouffer,   b. 16 Apr 1779, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Sep 1823, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years)
     2. Mary Schnauffer / Snouffer,   b. Abt 1780, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1806  (Age ~ 26 years)
     3. Jacob Schnauffer / Snouffer,   b. Abt 1781, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Apr 1852, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 71 years)
    +4. Catharine Schnauffer / Snouffer,   b. 14 Jun 1782, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jun 1861, Carroll Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
     5. Barbara Schnauffer / Snouffer,   b. 10 Mar 1786, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jan 1832, Carroll Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)
     6. Elizabeth Schnauffer / Snouffer,   b. 24 May 1788, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1809  (Age 20 years)
    +7. Rachel Schnauffer / Snouffer,   b. 25 Jan 1790, Frederick (Now Carroll) Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1855, Carroll Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
    +8. Georg (George) Schnauffer / Snouffer,   b. 13 Apr 1792, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Aug 1831, Frederick Cnty, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)
    Last Modified 5 Dec 2009 
    Family ID F4  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Headstones
    Johanes (John) Schnauffer/Snouffer
    Johanes (John) Schnauffer/Snouffer
    Photo by James L. (Jim) Wood (Abt 1986); given to William Noel Snouffer
    Johanes (John) Schnauffer/Snouffer & Christina Rinehart
    Johanes (John) Schnauffer/Snouffer & Christina Rinehart
    Photo by Wm. C. Snouffer (12 Oct 2006)
    Johanes Schnauffer / Snouffer
    Johanes Schnauffer / Snouffer
    Photo of repaired memorial stones and new commemorative stone dedicated at the
    Snouffer Family Reunion, 9 Oct 2010. Photo by Wm. C. Snouffer

  • Notes 
    • About 1770, when Johanes (John) was about 18, his father Michael moved the family from Berks County, PA, to Frederick (now Carroll) County, MD, where he purchased 2 tracts of land totalling 94.5 acres. "The county seat is Westminster. The Schnauffer farm was approximately two miles north of Westminster, on the waters of Pipe Creek, or 'Pfief Kriech,' as the early German settlers spelled it." (THE SNUFFERS, p. 42)

      "John ... Snouffer married no later than 1777. *** [H]e appears to have been a loyal member of St. Benjamin's (Kriders)[church]. *** John and ... Christina Snouffer had eight children." (THE SNUFFERS, pp. 79-80)

      John Snouffer or Snowfer apparently did not serve in the military during the Revolutionary War, nor did he take an oath of allegience until after hostilities commenced. He appeared as "John Snowfer" before a court in Frederick County in 1778 to "respectfully take and repeat agreeable to" the Oath of Fidelity. G.M. Brumbaugh & M.R. Hodges, REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS OF MARYLAND, p. 24 (1924). The Oath provided that "I do not hold myself bound to yield any Allegiance or obedience to the King of Great Britain his heirs or Successors and that I will be true and faithful to the State of Maryland and will to the utmost of my power, Support maintain and defend the Freedom and Independence thereof...." (Ibid, p. 11) As Mr. Wood states, "No records have been found indicating that John Snouffer performed any military service during the Revolution, as did his brother Jacob in Pennsylvania, but he did take the Oath of Fidelity in 1778 in Frederick County." (THE SNUFFERS, p. 79)

      Based upon his taking of the Oath of Fidelity and Support, the DAR lists "John Thomas Snouffer" as having provided "Patriotic Service," and he is accepted as "Ancestor # A207452." See the DAR Ancestor Index: http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search_adb/default.cfm (As of mid-Nov 2015, no person seems to have applied for DAR membership using John as a qualifying ancestor.)

      On 25 Jan 1780 "John Snaufer" appeared as a witness to an accident that caused the death of "Negro Man Fortune" and he testified before a coroner's inquest. Coroner's Inquests, 1778-1789 [Maryland Archives C772-1 1/41/7/34], reprinted in Stefanie R. Shaffer, INHABITANTS OF FREDERICK COUNTY, MARYLAND, 1750-1790, vol. 1, pp. 74-75 (2001). Later, "John Snowfer" served as a Frederick County petit or trial juror during the November, 1784, term of court. Frederick County Levy List, 1785-1790 [ Maryland Archives, C818-1 1/54/10/5, Folder 40298-3 ], Shaffer, Ibid, p. 105.

      The 1790 Maryland census lists "John Snuffer" as a resident of Frederick County; it lists him as head of the family and states that there were 2 "free white males of 16 years and upward, including heads of families," 2 "free white males under 16 years," 6 "free white females" living in the home, and finally that there were no slaves living with the family. 1790 U.S. Census, Frederick Cnty, MD (M 637, Roll 3, stamped p. 179); see also, HEADS OF FAMILIES AT THE FIRST CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES TAKEN IN THE YEAR 1790 - MARYLAND, p. 60 (Genealogical Pub. Co. 1977). If those numbers are accurate then there must have been another male over 16 living with the family -- perhaps John's brother Christopher, who was single. Mr. Wood states: "John Snouffer was the only Snouffer of any spelling enumerated in the 1790 Maryland census. He was listed as a resident of Frederick County." (THE SNUFFERS, p. 80) Of course, only heads of household were listed by name in the 1790 census, so Christopher's name would not have appeared in the census.

      The 1800 census lists "John Snowfer" as head of a household of 9 "free white" persons and 2 slaves. It records him and his wife in the "45 and over" column; it lists 2 boys, "under 10" [Georg and another ?]; 2 boys, "16-26" [John and Jacob]; 2 girls, "10-16" [Barbara, Mary Elizabeth, and Rachel, one of whom must have been absent]; and 1 girl, "16-26" [Mary or Catherine, one of whom was absent]. 1800 U.S. Census, Westminster Dist. 6, Frederick Cnty, MD (M 32, Roll 10, stamped p. 193); also see, H.W. & F.H. Seubold, "Frederick County, Maryland, 1800 Census," vol. 18, Maryland Genealogical Soc'y Bull., p. 143 (1977). The two slaves, mentioned in John's will, discussed below, were Isaac and Fann.

      Vol. 9, MARYLAND GERMAN CHURCH RECORDS, p. 85 (C.T. Zahn & F.S. Weiser, eds; 1993), extracting records from the Jerusalem Evangelical Lutheran Church, show that "Joh. and Christina Schrauffer" were sponsors for the baptism of Johann Henry Hoppe on 6 Apr 1801. John Henry Hoppe was their grandson.

      In Dec. 1808 the Maryland legislature enacted legislation authorizing "John Snouffer," George Myerly and others to create a lottery to rebuild Krider's Church. An Act authorising a lottery to raise a sum of money for the purpose of rebuilding Benjamin church, in Frederick county, formerly known by the name of Cryder's [sic] Church, 1808 Laws of Maryland, Ch. 27 (20 Dec 1808).

      J.T. Scharf, HISTORY OF WESTERN MARYLAND, p. 923 (1882), discusses names of persons buried at St. Benjamin's or "Kreiger's" Lutheran Church, and lists: "Johannes [sic] Schnauffer, born Nov. 13 [sic], 1752, died Sept. 3, 1776 [sic]; and his wife, Christina, born in 1756, died Oct. 15, 1818." (The 1776 death date is wrong; as mentioned below, John Snouffer's will was not probated until 1810.)

      Johanes "SchnauBer" and wife Christina are buried in Krider's Lutheran Church Cemetery, Westminster, MD, in sec. B, row 20, lots 47 & 48. See vol. 5, part 1, CARROLL COUNTY CEMETERIES, p. 107 (Carroll Cnty Genealogical Soc'y, 1999).

      According to "Old Krider's Cemetery Inscriptions," vol. 16, Carrolltonian, p. 23 (1996), John's original tombstone states:
      "Hier | liegt | begraben | Johanes Schnauber | ____ gebohren Anno | 1752 (?) den 15den November | und starb den 12ten(?) February | Anno 1810 ____ ____ Christiana | ____ Jahr 1776(?) | ___ September und ___ | ___ 9(?) Kinder 1 [sic] Sohn | under 8(?) Dochter sie lebten im | Ehestand 34 (or 31) Jahr er brachte(?) | ___ Alter auf 57 Jahr 2 Monat (rest [is] buried)"

      A rough translation is: "Here | lies | buried | Johanes Schnauffer | ___ born in the year | 1752 the 15th [of] November | and died the 12th (?) [of] February | of the year 1810 ___ | ___ Christiana | ___ Year 1776 | September and ___ | ___ 9 (?) Children 1 [sic] Son | and 8 (?) Daughters they lived in | matrimony 34 (or 31) Years he brought | ___ Age of 57 years 2 months...."

      Both headstones were standing upright until recently, but by Oct. 2006 Johanes' stone had fallen over on its face. When uprighted (and photographed), one can make out part of its bottom line to read: "____ und 5 Tag" (and 5 days).

      The headstone (if the Carrolltonian reading is correct) raises questions about the number of children born to John and Christina. The ambiguity of the headstone's numbers is obvious, and the Carrolltonian's transcriber carefully noted the problem with question marks. Nearly all researchers can account for only 8 children -- 3 boys and 5 girls. As Jim Wood notes: "John and ... Christina Snouffer had eight children." (THE SNUFFERS, p. 80) Cousin Barbara Allshouse visited Krider's in May, 2007, and she commented: "From looking at the stone really closely, due to the wear, it is possible [that] the stone said 9 children 4 sons 5 daughters." Email from Barbara Allshouse, ballshouse@gmail.com, to Wm. C. Snouffer (30 May 2007). If there was a 4th son (and that possiblity is suggested in the 1800 census recording 2 boys "under 10" and 2 boys, "16-26"), then that boy must have died at a young age, before John executed his will in 1809.

      John's will was signed 5 Dec 1809 (it is signed "John Snouffer", but the handwriting looks very similar to the scriviner's) and was probated 12 Mar 1810. He bequeathed property to "my beloved wife Christina" and to his sons John, Jacob, and George, and his daughters "Catharine Huppy wife of Frederick Huppy, Barbara Bayer wife of Frederick Bayer and Rachel Snouffer". Among other dispositions in his will, he gave "my negro Woman named Fann" to his wife, and "my Negro man named Isaac" jointly to his wife and son George along with the "plantation." See Frederick Cnty, MD, Will Book RB#1, p. 82.

      "The final accounting of [John's] estate, filed 24 May 1813, gives the worth of his personal property as 5,494.7.7, pounds, shillings and pence,....*** Over the ensuing years, numerous deeds involving the land of John Snouffer, most of which he had inherited from his father, Michael Schnauffer, in 1774, were recorded in Frederick and then in Carroll County.... Eventually, 28 Feb. 1857, parts of the old Michael Schnauffer tracts were sold by Elias Bixler to John Myers.... [John Myers' great, great grandson, who lives nearby] confirmed in 1989 that the Schnauffer tract remains in the family. His son, John Myers Jr., an orchardist, is the current owner." (THE SNUFFERS, p. 83)
    • (Research Notes):

      There is disagreement over John's given names. His original tombstone shows his name as "Johanes SchnauBer" (the B is old German for a double ff). I have chosen to use the tombstone spelling of his given name.

      John's name appears in various church records as "Joh." or as "Johannes." For example, he is listed as a "communicant" at Krider's Church on 21 May 1775 as "Joh. Schnauffer." Vol. 9, MARYLAND GERMAN CHURCH RECORDS, p. 79 (C.T. Zahn & F.S. Weiser, eds; 1993). In Nov. 1777 he appears as a member of the church and is listed as "Johannes Schnauffer." Ibid. at 78. On 5 Nov 1786 "Joh. Shnauffer, wife Christina" took Holy Communion at the church. Ibid. at 57. And as the General Notes show, his name appears in many contemporary records as "John." Also "John and Christina Shnauffer" were sponsors at the baptism of Johannes Shnerr on 16 Aug 1795. Ibid. at 44.

      There is no "Thomas" in any of these records.

      But Jim Wood states, in his book THE SNUFFERS, p. 79: "John Thomas Snouffer married no later than 1777. His middle name, Thomas, comes from the record of the baptising at Kriders Church of Maria Elizabeth Wirbel ... 25 Dec. 1777. The sponsors were John Thomas Shnaufer and his wife Christina." With respect, I think Mr. Wood's conclusion is incorrect.

      Mr. Wood cites only "Kriders Church records" to support his conclusion. His original notes relating to that citation show that he obtained his information from a Maryland genealogist. He quoted her information accurately but her information seems incorrect. The sponsors for that christening actually were "Johan Thomer and Christian Scheffer." See, vol. 9, MARYLAND GERMAN CHURCH RECORDS, supra at 37. Thus the names "John Thomas" appear inaccurate. In fairness it should be noted that vol. 9, MARYLAND GERMAN CHURCH RECORDS, was published 4 years after Mr. Wood's book, and 7 years after the Maryland genealogist supplied the inaccurate information to him.

      Because of Jim Wood's information in THE SNUFFERS, numerous internet and web site publications (and the DAR) list John's name as "John Thomas." (Virtually none of them gives credit to Mr. Wood as their source.) But I have decided to drop the middle name "Thomas" because it is not supported by any substantial evidence.

      The wedding date of 3 Sep 1776 is inferred; it derives from the note in Scharf's HISTORY OF WESTERN MARYLAND (see above), discussing the names of persons buried at St. Benjamin's church. The author states that this cemetery "is perhaps the oldest burying-ground in the county.... It was laid out in 1763.... The inscriptions on the earliest stones are in German, and for about the first thirty years are illegible, owing to the corrosion of time." (Ibid, p. 923) I suspect that Scharf confused a marriage date for a death date.

      Further, by mentioning the year 1776, John's tombstone perhaps suggests 1776 as the marriage year. Another argument for a wedding preceding 1778 is that there is no record of a marriage license issued to the couple after 1778. See, e.g., M.E.Myers, MARRIAGE LICENSES OF FREDERICK COUNTY, 1778-1810 (2d ed 1994).

  • Sources 
    1. [S51] Tombstone - WCS |, Cemetery Memorial Stone , (Personal Inspection by Wm. C. Snouffer), Oct. 2006.

    2. [S13] Carrolltonian - Krider's|, Anonymous, "Old Krider's Cemetery Inscriptions"; vol. 16, Carrolltonian (1996), (Carroll Cnty Genealogical Society, PO Box 1752, Westminster, MD 21158), p. 23.

    3. [S10] Snuffers|, James L. Wood, Jr., THE SNUFFERS, (BJW Printers; Beckley, WV : 1989), 929.273Sn72., p.82.

    4. [S12] Ott|, Richard H. Ott, Jr., "Ott Genealogy" : Oct 2003, (Richard H. Ott, Jr., 4208 Elsa Terr, Baltimore, MD 21117; DickOtt@aol.com).

    5. [S34] MD, Hist of Western|, J. T. Scharf, HISTORY OF WESTERN MARYLAND, (L. H. Everts, Co., Philadelphia, PA : 1882), p.923.

    6. [S10] Snuffers|, James L. Wood, Jr., THE SNUFFERS, (BJW Printers; Beckley, WV : 1989), 929.273Sn72., p.83.

    7. [S103] FindaGrave|, FindaGrave.com, (www.FindAGrave.com), 16624565.

    8. [S14] Auszuge Pfarrei Eltingen-Leonberg, Auszuge aus den Kirchenbuchern der evang. Pfarrei Eltingen, (Evangelical Parish of Eltingen, Germany (compiled annually). "Extracts from the Parish Registers of the Evangelical Parish of Eltingen (Leonberg-Eltingen)," by Friedrich R. Wollmershauser. The extracts refer to the annual Taufregister (Baptism Register), Eheregister (Marriage Register), and Sterberegister (Death Register). ), 1741 Eheregister.

    9. [S15] Auszuge Pfarrei Renningen|, Auszuge aus den Kirchenbuchern der evang. Pfarrei Renningen, (Evangelical Parish of Renningen, Germany (compiled annually). "Extracts from the Parish Registers of the Evangelical Parish of Renningen," by Friedrich R. Wollmershauser. The extracts refer to the annual Taufregister (Baptism Register), Eheregister (Marriage Register), and Sterberegister (Death Register). ), 1741 Eheregister.

    10. [S16] Wollmershauser-1 |, Friedrich R. Wollmershauser, "Schnauffer Lineage in Renningen," (Report to William N. Snouffer, Feb. 1987), (Friedrich R. Wollmershauser, Herrengasse 8-10, D-89610 Oberdischingen, Germany).

    11. [S17] Charlotte Layton - 2 |, Charlotte Harper Layton, "Layton Family Tree" , (www.Ancestry.com; contact Charlotte Layton at cmairelayton@aol.com), p. 30.

    12. [S10] Snuffers|, James L. Wood, Jr., THE SNUFFERS, (BJW Printers; Beckley, WV : 1989), 929.273Sn72., p.79.

    13. [S11] Frederick Cnty, MD, Will Book GM 2 |, Frederick County, MD, "Will Book GM #2", (Frederick County, MD, Maryland State Archives, 350 Rowe Blvd., Annapolis, MD 21401), pp. 437-438.