From Europe to Mid-America

Christiana Johanna Schnauffer

Christiana Johanna Schnauffer

Female 1811 - 1863  (51 years)

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Christiana Johanna Schnauffer  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Born 24 Dec 1811  Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 4, 5
    Christened 25 Dec 1811  Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Female 
    Died 19 Dec 1863  Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Buried Bethel Hebron Cem, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID I11509  SnoufferCampbell
    Last Modified 26 May 2016 

    Father Johann Friederich Schnaufer,   b. 29 Jan 1782, Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Catharina Barbara Ruckenbrod,   d. Bef 1830 ?, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 9 Nov 1806  Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Family ID F4169  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family John Ludwig Bauer / Bower,   b. 24 Dec 1800, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jan 1872, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Married Abt 1832  [7
    Children 
     1. John C. Bauer / Bower,   b. 23 Jul 1833, Phillipsburg, Beaver Cnty, PA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 May 1923, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 89 years)
     2. Theodore L. Bauer / Bower,   b. 9 Nov 1834, Phillipsburg, Beaver Cnty, PA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Jun 1927, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 92 years)
     3. Samuel F. Bauer / Bower,   b. 15 Jun 1837, Phillipsburg, Beaver Cnty, PA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1922, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)
     4. Helmud Bauer / Bower,   b. Abt 1840, Phillipsburg, Beaver Cnty, PA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1860  (Age ~ 20 years)
     5. Walter C. Bauer / Bower,   b. 21 Sep 1841, Phillipsburg, Beaver Cnty, PA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jun 1924, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
     6. Christina Bauer / Bower,   b. Abt 1844, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Nov 1919, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 75 years)
     7. August Bauer / Bower,   b. 24 Oct 1846, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jun 1935, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 89 years)
     8. David Bauer / Bower,   b. 22 Dec 1850, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jan 1935, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     9. George Bauer / Bower,   b. 20 Sep 1852, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Nov 1895  (Age 43 years)
     10. Miranda Bauer / Bower,   b. Abt 1854, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1939, Quincy, Adams Cnty, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 85 years)
     11. William Bauer / Bower,   b. Abt 1856, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1867  (Age ~ 11 years)
    Last Modified 23 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F4171  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Christiana Johanna's birth records show her birth on 24 Dec 1811 in Malmsheim; a Christening date of 25 Dec 1811; and note that her mother was Catharina Barbara Ruckenbrod and her father was "Johann Friedr. Schnaufer." See "Germany, Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898" [LDS film 1056669] at https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N56T-PFD
    • In 1830 her father and two brothers went to the "Auswanderung" [emigration] office for Malmsheim, Leonberg Oberamt [district town], Wurttemberg to apply to travel to the U.S.

      On 19 Mar 1830, in application No. 12, "Joh. Friedrich Schnaufer, burger und weber" [citizen and weaver], applied for permission to travel to "Nord America." His "kinder" [children] were listed:

      "A. Joh. Georg Friederich ------ 12 ½
      "B. Christiana Johanna ---------- 6 *** "

      The application is contained in the Leonberg Oberamt (Wurttemberg) Auswanderungsakten, 1589-1918, the original manuscripts of which are in the Staatsarchiv, Ludwigsburg. They are preserved on microfilm (LDS Film 837958).

      The records are indexed (but not arranged by family) in Trudy Schenk & Ruth Froelke, The Wuertemberg Emigration Index, vol. 4, pp. 185-186 (Ancestry Publishing; Salt Lake City, UT: 1988).

      A short while later the three families travelled to Rotterdam, Holland, to begin their voyage to "Nord America." They boarded the Fabius, sailed the Atlantic, and arrived in Baltimore, MD on 30 Sep 1830. The names of the new immigrants are indexed (but, again, not arranged by family) in Michael H.Tepper (ed.), Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Baltimore, 1820-1834, pp. 634-635 (Genealogical Pub. Co.; Baltimore, MD: 1982).
    • Lois Hall Snouffer has written, in From Schnaufer to Snouffer (Lois H. Snouffer & Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, IN 46802: 2013), pp. 34-35:

      "... Fred Schnaufer and his two adult children, George F. age 23, and Christiana age 19, also came with the Schnaufer group [to America] in 1830. It appears they went directly from Baltimore [MD] to Beaver County Pennsylvania. George and Christiana joined the 'Harmony Society' in Economy, Pennsylvania. Fred also may have joined, and used the name John (Johann) Schnauffer instead of Friedrich.
      The first record we have of them is from an article that appeared in the local paper in Beaver County, February 1, 1832. The article was a notification to the American Public that the undersigned members of the Harmony Society were no longer associated with George Rapp and his group. And on the list are the signatures of George Schnaufer, Christiana Schnaufer, a John Schnaufer and a John Bauer, who we will hear about later, and about 250 other signatures.
      The Harmony Society was a Christian Theosophy and Pietist society founded in Iptingen, Germany, in 1785.***
      "So for a short time the Schnaufers were part of this Harmony society group in Beaver County Pennsylvania. Then they joined the group that left the Harmony Society in 1832 under the leadership of a Bernhard Muller another German religious leader who considered himself to be a prophet.*** They bought property and formed a new community a few miles north on the Ohio River at Phillipsburg (now Monaca, Pa.) Here they established the New Philadelphian congregation (The New Philadelphia Society), constructing a church, a hotel, and other buildings. They renamed this community Lowenburg.*** Some community members, however, stayed in Phillipsburg, and the Schnaufers were part of the group that stayed.
      "Early in 1832 Christiana Schnaufer married John Bauer and George Schnaufer married Katherine Link, each having a child before the year was over. So for the next 11 years George & Christiana and their families lived in Phillipsburg. According to the 1840 census their father, Fred Schnaufer, had remarried and was living in Columbiana County Ohio where his brother John was now residing. Fred then moved to Tuscarawas County Ohio and was living there in 1850 with his wife and stepchild and was a farmer."
    • The Pittsburgh [PA] Weekly Gazette, p. 3 (7 Feb 1832), contains the following:
      "To the American Public.
      "The undersigned, Members of the Harmony Society, at Economy, in the county of Beaver, Pennsylvania, deem it their duty thus publicly to make known, that all the authority or power which has heretofore been given, granted to, or exercised by GEORGE RAPP, or by his adopted son, FREDERICK RAPP, has ceased and determined, and has been revoked; and that their, or either of their acts, under such authority, in all transactions entered into by said George or Frederick Rapp, are without the knowledge, assent or agreement of the undersigned....
      "All Banks, and other Corporations, and Individuals, who have heretofore transacted business with the said George and Frederick Rapp ... will take notice that all such connection between the undersigned and said George and Frederick Rapp has ceased, and the funds of the society can no longer be resorted to for the satisfaction of debts which have been, or shall be thus contracted by said Rapps....February 1, 1832. ***
      "[219 persons, including:]
      "John Bauer...
      "George Schnaufer...
      "John Schnaufer...
      "Christiana Schnaufer..."
    • The 1850 census lists John Bower, 49, born in Germany, living with his wife "Christina," 38, also born in Germany, and the following Pennsylvania-born children: John 17; Theodore, 15; Samuel, 13; Helmund, 10; Walter, 8; and Christina, 5. The youngest son, August, 3, was born in Missouri. John, as well as his two sons, John and Theodore, were "wheelrights." 1850 U.S. Census, Bethel Twsp, Shelby Cnty, MO (M 432, Roll 420, stamped p. 214B).

      A "wheelright" is a maker and repairer of wheels.
    • In 1860 the census records John Bauer, 59, a "wheelright" living with his wife "Christina," 48. Both had been born in "Wirtemburg." They lived with 5 Pennsylvania-born children: "John jr," 26, a farmer; Theodore, 25, a furniture maker;" Samuel, 22, a farm laborer; Walter, 18, a cabinet maker, and Christina 16. Also in the family home were 5 Missouri-born children: August, 14; David, 12; George 10; Miranda, 6; and William, 4. 1860 U.S. Census, Bethel Twsp, Shelby Cnty, MO (M 653, Roll 657, stamped p. 195). The 1860 census also shows that John and Christina had one "domestic" living with them, helping to keep house -- "Catherine Shnauffer," 23, born in Pennsylvania.

  • Sources 
    1. [S901] German Births, 1558-1898 |, Deutschland, Geburten und Taufen 1558-1898, (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Online database, Germany, Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898, https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1473000), LDS Film 1056669; https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N56T-PFD.

    2. [S924] Wurttemberg Emigr|, Leonberg Oberamt, Wurttemberg, Auswanderungsakten, 1589-1918, (Staatsarchiv, Ludwigsburg, Germany; Microfilmed by Church of Jesus Christ of Later-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Film 837958).

    3. [S903] Lois S|, Lois Hall Snouffer, From Schnaufer to Snouffer, (Lois H. Snouffer & Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, IN 46802), 929.2 SN59SL (2013)., pp. 7, 34-35.

    4. [S103] FindaGrave|, FindaGrave.com, (www.FindAGrave.com).

    5. [S916] Ancestry Tree - Bower|, "Spaniard111", "Rodis Family Tree", (Ancestry.com, Public Member Tree, Online database, http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/8001315/listofallpeople ).

    6. [S899] German Marriages, 1558-1929 |, Deutschland, Heiraten 1558-1929, (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Online database, Germany, Marriages, 1558-1929, https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1473009), LDS Film 1056669; https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J4FQ-4L4.

    7. [S903] Lois S|, Lois Hall Snouffer, From Schnaufer to Snouffer, (Lois H. Snouffer & Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, IN 46802), 929.2 SN59SL (2013)., p. 35.