From Europe to Mid-America

Johann Friederich Schnaufer

Johann Friederich Schnaufer

Male 1782 -

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  • Name Johann Friederich Schnaufer  [1, 2, 3
    Nickname Fred 
    Born 29 Jan 1782  Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Christened 30 Jan 1782  Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Agriculture - Farmer 
    Person ID I11408  SnoufferCampbell
    Last Modified 7 Jul 2016 

    Father Johann Friederich Schnaufer,   b. 9 Dec 1750,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother Elizabetha Friderica Mitschelin,   b. 30 Dec 1752,   d. 10 Feb 1837  (Age 84 years) 
    Married 7 Oct 1777  Malsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5, 6
    Family ID F4025  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Catharina Barbara Ruckenbrod,   d. Bef 1830 ?, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 9 Nov 1806  Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Children 
    +1. Johann Georg Friedrich Schnaufer,   b. 25 Jul 1807, Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Apr 1861, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
     2. Johann Gottlieb Schnaufer,   b. 24 Oct 1809, Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1830 ?, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Elisabetha Barbara Schnaufer,   b. 5 Dec 1810, Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1830?, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location
    +4. Christiana Johanna Schnauffer,   b. 24 Dec 1811, Malmsheim, Wurttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Dec 1863, Bethel, Shelby Cnty, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
    Last Modified 1 Sep 2013 16:11:24 
    Family ID F4169  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Ann M. Unknown,   b. Abt 1795, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Y  [8
    Last Modified 7 Jul 2016 15:34:57 
    Family ID F5010  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Documents
    Johann Friederich Schnaufer's
Application to Emigrate
    Johann Friederich Schnaufer's Application to Emigrate
    Application # 12 (19 Mar 1830) to
    Malmsheim, Leonberg Oberamst, Wurttemberg
    emigration authorities
    (LDS Film 837958)

  • Notes 
    • In 1830 three sons of Johann Friederich Schnauffer applied to local authorities to emigrate to North America. They were: Johann Friederich (“Fred”), Johann Marx, and Johannes (“John”). They went to the “Auswanderung” [emigration] office for Malmsheim, Leonberg Oberamt [district town] , Wurttemberg to apply.

      On 19 Mar 1830, in application No. 12, “Joh. Friedrich Schnaufer, burger und weber” [citizen and weaver], applied for permission to travel to “Nord America.” (No wife was listed.) His “kinder” [children] were listed:

      “A. Joh. Georg Friederich ------ 12 ½
      “B. Christianna Johanna --------- 6 *** “

      The applications of the three brothers are contained in the Leonberg Oberamt (Wurttemberg) Auswanderungsakten, 1589-1918, the original manuscripts of which are in the Staatsarchiv, Ludwigsburg. They are preserved on microfilm (LDS Film 837958).

      The records are indexed (but not arranged by family) in Trudy Schenk & Ruth Froelke, The Wuertemberg Emigration Index, vol. 4, pp. 185-186 (Ancestry Publishing; Salt Lake City, UT: 1988).

      A short while later the three families travelled to Rotterdam, Holland, to begin their voyage to “Nord America.” They boarded the Fabius, sailed the Atlantic, and arrived in Baltimore, MD on 30 Sep 1830. All of the family members survived the voyage except for Johannes’ (John’s) baby daughter Anna Barbara. Arrival of the new immigrants was duly noted by customs officials; in the process of recording names of the arriving passengers, some were “Americanized.” Regardless, the names of the new immigrants are indexed (but, again, not arranged by family) in Michael H.Tepper (ed.), Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Baltimore, 1820-1834, pp. 634-635 (Genealogical Pub. Co.; Baltimore, MD: 1982).
    • Lois Hall Snouffer has written, in From Schnaufer to Snouffer, pp. 34-35 (2013):
      "... Fred Schnaufer and his two adult children, George F. age 23, and Christiana age 19, also came with the Schnaufer group [to America] in 1830. It appears they went directly from Baltimore [MD] to Beaver County Pennsylvania. George and Christiana joined the 'Harmony Society' in Economy, Pennsylvania. Fred also may have joined, and used the name John (Johann) Schnauffer instead of Friedrich.
      The first record we have of them is from an article that appeared in the local paper in Beaver County, February 1, 1832. The article was a notification to the American Public that the undersigned members of the Harmony Society were no longer associated with George Rapp and his group. And on the list are the signatures of George Schnaufer, Christiana Schnaufer, a John Schnaufer and a John Bauer, who we will hear about later, and about 250 other signatures.
      The Harmony Society was a Christian Theosophy and Pietist society founded in Iptingen, Germany, in 1785.*** "
    • The Pittsburgh [PA] Weekly Gazette, p. 3 (7 Feb 1832), contains the following:
      "To the American Public.
      "The undersigned, Members of the Harmony Society, at Economy, in the county of Beaver, Pennsylvania, deem it their duty thus publicly to make known, that all the authority or power which has heretofore been given, granted to, or exercised by GEORGE RAPP, or by his adopted son, FREDERICK RAPP, has ceased and determined, and has been revoked; and that their, or either of their acts, under such authority, in all transactions entered into by said George or Frederick Rapp, are without the knowledge, assent or agreement of the undersigned....
      "All Banks, and other Corporations, and Individuals, who have heretofore transacted business with the said George and Frederick Rapp ... will take notice that all such connection between the undersigned and said George and Frederick Rapp has ceased, and the funds of the society can no longer be resorted to for the satisfaction of debts which have been, or shall be thus contracted by said Rapps....February 1, 1832. ***
      "[219 persons, including:]
      "George Schnaufer...
      "John Schnaufer...
      "Christiana Schnaufer..."
    • Lois Snouffer continued (Ibid):
      "So for a short time the Schnaufers were part of this Harmony society group in Beaver County Pennsylvania. Then they joined the group that left the Harmony Society in 1832 under the leadership of a Bernhard Muller another German religious leader who considered himself to be a prophet.*** They bought property and formed a new community a few miles north on the Ohio River at Phillipsburg (now Monaca, Pa.) Here they established the New Philadelphian congregation (The New Philadelphia Society), constructing a church, a hotel, and other buildings. They renamed this community Lowenburg.*** Some community members, however, stayed in Phillipsburg, and the Schnaufers were part of the group that stayed.
      "Early in 1832 Christiana Schnaufer married John Bauer and George Schnaufer married Katherine Link, each having a child before the year was over. So for the next 11 years George & Christiana and their families lived in Phillipsburg. According to the 1840 census their father, Fred Schnaufer, had remarried and was living in Columbiana County Ohio where his brother John was now residing. Fred then moved to Tuscarawas County Ohio and was living there in 1850 with his wife and stepchild and was a farmer."
    • The 1840 census shows "John Snouffer" living next to "Frederick Snouffer." [The handwritten entry clearly reads "Snouffer"; Ancestry's indexer read it as "Shauffer."] Living in the John Snouffer household was 1 male, 30-40 yrs of age; 3 females, under 5 yrs of age; 2 females 5-10 yrs old; 1 female 30-40 yrs old. Living in the Frederick Snouffer household was 1 male, 30-40; 1 female 5-10 yrs old; and 1 female 20-30 yrs old. 1840 U.S. Census, Beaver Twsp, Columbiana Cnty, OH (M 704, Roll 386, stamped p. 110).
    • The 1850 census lists Frederick Snouffer, 68, living with his wife Ann M., 55, and her daughter Ann B. Christian, 27. Fred was a farmer; all three had been born in Germany. 1850 U.S. Census, Auburn Twsp, Tuscarawas Cnty, OH (M 432, Roll 734, stamped p. 33).

  • Sources 
    1. [S901] German Births, 1558-1898 |, Deutschland, Geburten und Taufen 1558-1898, (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Online database, Germany, Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898, https://familysearch.org), Batch C91665-1; Film 1056668; ID 1580-1782; https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NC9Y-Z6Y.

    2. [S924] Wurttemberg Emigr|, Leonberg Oberamt, Wurttemberg, Auswanderungsakten, 1589-1918, (Staatsarchiv, Ludwigsburg, Germany; Microfilmed by Church of Jesus Christ of Later-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Film 837958).

    3. [S903] Lois S|, Lois Hall Snouffer, From Schnaufer to Snouffer, (Lois H. Snouffer & Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, IN 46802), 929.2 SN59SL (2013)., pp. 7, 34-35.

    4. [S899] German Marriages, 1558-1929 |, Deutschland, Heiraten 1558-1929, (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Online database, Germany, Marriages, 1558-1929, https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1473009), Batch M91665-1; Film 1056668; ID 1777; FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J4FQ-9VD.

    5. [S900] Ancestry Tree - Gappa|, Frank Andrew Gappa, Gappa Family Tree, (Ancestry.com, Public Member Tree, Online database, http://trees.ancestry.com/tree//15116141/listofallpeople; Email: tarantulaman59@hotmail.com).

    6. [S903] Lois S|, Lois Hall Snouffer, From Schnaufer to Snouffer, (Lois H. Snouffer & Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, IN 46802), 929.2 SN59SL (2013)., pp. 29, 78.

    7. [S899] German Marriages, 1558-1929 |, Deutschland, Heiraten 1558-1929, (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, UT; Online database, Germany, Marriages, 1558-1929, https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1473009), LDS Film 1056669; https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J4FQ-4L4.

    8. [S1007] OH Census 1850, Tuscarawas|, Ohio, Tuascarawas Cnty, 1850 U.S. Census, (The National Archives, Washington, D.C.), (M432, Roll 734, p. 33).